The information below describes just a small percentage of the rules Merops can apply to language editing.
Most language corrections or preferences are suppressed in parts of the document that should be preserved, such as book titles, addresses, and quotes.
Merops can automatically correct spelling errors and alert unknown terms, using a database of over 3 million terms, names, and words, in 7 languages.
Merops can automatically standardize (in either direction):
- ‘z’ and ‘s’ spellings such as ‘idolized’ vs ‘idolised’
- US and UK English differences
Merops allows you to choose individual spelling preferences for over 270 words, e.g. aging or ageing.
Merops can be enhanced using a custom dictionary.
Merops uses general dictionaries for English, Spanish, German, ItalianNEW, Latin, Middle English, and Spanish.
Merops can standardize the position of punctuation and spaces, e.g. set the spacing before an ellipsis or replace no-break spaces with normal spaces.
This process is clever enough to ensure that, for example, spaces are added after colons and semicolons, unless they form part of tight technical expressions (e.g. ratios, genetic terms).
Merops can standardize the formatting of punctuation signs. For example, species names should have non-italic parentheses:
- (Zoothera naevia) should be (Zoothera naevia)
Merops can standardize characters, such as an en rule in relationship pairs (e.g. doctor–patient relationship). Merops can standardize quotation marks according to publisher style or language convention, and can differentiate quotation marks within quotation marks.
Merops can standardize the use of full stops / periods with abbreviations, e.g.:
- H.I.V. ↔ HIV
- Tues ↔ Tues.
- Blvd. ↔ Blvd
Merops can automatically standardize to publisher guidelines on hyphenation.
Merops can remove hyphens following standard prefixes (non-, pre-, post-, etc.). Each prefix is individually customizable.
Merops includes exceptions, including:
- ‘double-letter’ rules (e.g. non-negotiable)
- proper noun prefixes (e.g. pre-Roman)
Merops can standardize hyphenation of compound adjectives (e.g. ‘a short-term view’, but ‘in the long term’; ‘it took 5 minutes’, but ‘it was a 5-minute conversation’).
Merops can correct the capitalization of general text, applying ‘Sentence case’, while capitalizing proper nouns and initialisms.
The way ‘Title Case’ is applied is customizable, with different options for long prepositions, or words after colons.
Merops can automatically correct or alert grammatical, errors, including:
- misuse of a/an
- repeated words
- incorrect word choice or word order
Merops can apply rules relating to non-preferred writing style, including:
- overly verbose language
- gender-biased language
- potentially offensive terms
- informal contractions (e.g. don’t)
- change underlined text (for emphasis or other known reason) to italicNEW
- change informal spelling/pronunciations to formalNEW
can identify and standardize punctuation of
abbreviations and apply rules including:
- define abbreviations at first mention
- only use abbreviation if used a minimum number of times
- generate abbreviation list in the header and/or table footnotes
- choose whether or not individual abbreviations (such as DNA) need to be definedNEW
- choose where abbreviations may need to be redefined (e.g. once per table)
Merops can standardize:
- the formatting of loan words, such as laissez faire, in situ and ad nauseum;
- between abbreviations/full terms, such as ad lib and ad libitum;
- between abbreviated Latin and English, such as e.g. and 'for example';
- the punctuation preceding, following, and within terms like e.g. and i.e.
- abbreviated Latin, e.g., i.e., cf., etc