Numbers

Merops can standardize formulae and numerical terms based on context like tables and brackets. Some of the key features are listed below.

Everything Merops does can be customized to match your style requirements, or made consistent within a document.

Numbers

Numbers

Punctuation and spacing

Merops can automatically standardize the punctuation and spacing of:

  • large numbers (e.g. 1,234,567)
  • ratios
  • number grouping after decimal point (0.000 01)

Characters

Merops can automatically standardize characters such as:

  • decimal point character
  • en rule/hyphen in ranges
  • minus sign in negative numbers
  • the prime character

Words vs figures

Merops can convert between words and figures, based on context and size, for example:

  • 3 three
  • 3 (in a French sentence) trois
  • twenty 20
  • 3rd third
  • 20 (at sentence start) Twenty
  • 20 million 20,000,000
  • tenfold 10-fold
  • less than <

Context

Many of these rules are context-specific. For example, the number 1000 in general text, but 1 000 in tables. Also, Merops is clever enough to avoid making changes to numbers that are not counts or ranges (e.g. telephone numbers).

numbers

Mathematics

In technical documents it is critical that mathematical terms are presented consistently. Merops contains rules to correct author discrepancies, and converts between alternative math formats.

Algebra and arithmetic

Merops standardizes symbols such as Greek letters and operators, e.g.:

  • 20 +/- 12 20 ± 12
  • 2 X 4 2 × 4

Merops standardizes the formatting of functions, variables and operators:

  • ln(sin xmax2) ln(sin χmax2)
  • a+b =c a + b = c

Formulae

Citations

Citation preferences are context specific, so Merops can apply one standard in general text, and other preferences in parentheses, tables, footnotes, or references.

  • See eqn (IV.a) See Equation 4a

Merops can also apply an abbreviated standard to citations in general text, while ensuring they are spelled out in full at the start of a sentence.

Formulae

Merops can standardize and correct the presentation of formula labels:

  • Eqn 1: a + b = c a + b = c [1]

Merops can convert:

  • simple MathType equations to normal text
  • MathType equations to Microsoft Word equations
  • displayed text equations to Microsoft Word equations

These equations can be encoded as MathML in your XML file.

Statistics

Merops can standardize the presentation of statistical variables. For example:

  • Student t test Student’s t-test
  • F(1, 24) = 2.36 F1,24 = 2.36
  • Anova ANOVA
  • p >0.01 P > .01
mathematics

Time & date

Merops can standardize the presentation of times and dates, e.g.:

Times

  • 4pm 16.00 hours
  • 4pm 4 p.m.

Dates

  • Sept. 24, 1978 24th September 1978
  • BC B.C.
  • nineteenth century 19th century
  • 11/11/2014 11/11/14
time and date

Units

Merops identifies and standardizes the case, formatting, and spelling of SI and Imperial units of measurement.

General rules

Merops can automate conversions between unit standards, e.g.:

  • 40–100ug/ml 40–100 µg mL–1
  • 5kg–10kg 5–10kg

Conversions

Merops can automatically convert units from Imperial to metric, or Fahrenheit to Celsius, or vice versa.

Currency

Merops can standardize the presentation of currency.

For example:

  • standardization of words/figures (ten pounds sterling £10)
  • standardization of ranges ($4–6 $4–$6)
  • alerts on the potentially ambiguous use of $ or 'dollar'

Specific preferences

Merops has over 50 preferences for individual units and contexts. For example:

  • 99.5% 99.5 percent
  • 10 seconds 10 s
  • 2 hours 2 hrs

Merops can standardize certain units in different contexts, i.e. general text, tables, parentheses, compound units, table captions / legends, and footnotes.

units
See also:

 
structure
Structure
 
formatting
Formatting
 
language
Language
 
names
Names
 
tables-and-figures
Tables and figures
 
references
References
 
specialist
Specialist
 
document-analysis
Document analysis
 
automatic-markup
Automatic markup
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