Language

Merops applies language rules differently in contexts like quotes and names. Some of the key features are listed below.

Everything Merops does can be customized to match your style requirements, or made consistent within a document.

Language

Spelling

Merops can automatically correct spelling errors and alert unknown terms, using a database of over 3 million terms, names, and words, in 7 languages.

General preferences

Merops can automatically standardize (in either direction):

  • ‘z’ and ‘s’ spellings such as ‘idolized’ vs ‘idolised’
  • US and UK English differences

Specific preferences

Merops allows you to choose individual spelling preferences for over 270 words, e.g. aging or ageing.

Merops can be enhanced using a custom dictionary.

Merops uses general dictionaries for English, Spanish, German, Italian, Latin, Middle English, and Spanish.

spelling

Grammar

Capitalization

Merops can correct the capitalization of general text, applying ‘Sentence case’, while capitalizing proper nouns and initialisms.

The way ‘Title Case’ is applied is customizable, with different options for long prepositions, or words after colons.

Corrections

Merops can automatically correct or alert grammatical, errors, including:

  • misuse of a/an
  • repeated words
  • incorrect word choice or word order

Writing style

Merops can apply rules relating to non-preferred writing style, including:

  • overly verbose language
  • gender-biased language
  • colloquialisms
  • potentially offensive terms
  • tautology
  • informal contractions (e.g. don’t)
  • change underlined text (for emphasis or other known reason) to italic
  • change informal spelling/pronunciations to formal
grammar

Punctuation

Merops can standardize the position of punctuation and spaces, e.g. set the spacing before an ellipsis or replace no-break spaces with normal spaces.

This process is clever enough to ensure that, for example, spaces are added after colons and semicolons, unless they form part of tight technical expressions (e.g. ratios, genetic terms).

Merops can standardize the formatting of punctuation signs. For example, species names should have non-italic parentheses:

  • (Zoothera naevia)    should be     (Zoothera naevia)

Merops can standardize characters, such as an en rule in relationship pairs (e.g. doctor–patient relationship). Merops can standardize quotation marks according to publisher style or language convention, and can differentiate quotation marks within quotation marks.

Merops can standardize the use of full stops / periods with abbreviations, e.g.:

  • H.I.V. HIV
  • Tues Tues.
  • Blvd. Blvd
punctuation

Hyphenation

Merops can automatically standardize to publisher guidelines on hyphenation.

Prefixes

Merops can remove hyphens following standard prefixes (non-, pre-, post-, etc.). Each prefix is individually customizable.

Merops includes exceptions, including:

  • ‘double-letter’ rules (e.g. non-negotiable)
  • proper noun prefixes (e.g. pre-Roman)

Compound adjectives

Merops can standardize hyphenation of compound adjectives (e.g. ‘a short-term view’, but ‘in the long term’; ‘it took 5 minutes’, but ‘it was a 5-minute conversation’).

hyphenation

Abbreviations

Merops can identify and standardize punctuation of abbreviations and apply rules including:

  • define abbreviations at first mention
  • only use abbreviation if used a minimum number of times
  • generate abbreviation list in the header and/or table footnotes
  • choose whether or not individual abbreviations (such as DNA) need to be defined
  • choose where abbreviations may need to be redefined (e.g. once per table)
abbreviations
See also:
 
structure
Structure
 
formatting
Formatting
 
names
Names
 
numbers
Numbers
 
tables-and-figures
Tables and figures
 
references
References
 
specialist
Specialist
 
document-analysis
Document analysis
 
automatic-markup
Automatic markup
 
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